Burden Stitch was born in the middle ages. It is used to cover large areas in an embroidery piece and gives a woven effect to the fabric. Burden stitch is a couching stitch because the laid horizontal threads are couched down with straight vertical stitches. This stitch gives you the possibility to play around with the colors as different combinations of colors of horizontal and vertical stitches will create beautiful patterns. Also, you can make this stitch dense of loose and create a wonderful texture in your embroidery.
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Read more about the Filling stitches for hand embroidery in my article “Hand embroidery Filling stitches- part 1”
Watch the video tutorial below to see how a burden stitch is made